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Quintessence Int 45 (2014), No. 9     20. Aug. 2014
Quintessence Int 45 (2014), No. 9  (20.08.2014)

Page 795-802, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a32245, PubMed:25019119


A comparison of conservative and invasive dental approaches in the treatment of tension-type headache
Troeltzsch, Markus / Messlinger, Karl / Brodine, Brian / Gassling, Volker / Troeltzsch, Matthias
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of conservative dental treatment (occlusal splint and pharmacologic therapy) and invasive therapy (prosthetic restorations) in the treatment of tension-type headache (TTH).
Method and Materials: The study sample was composed of 70 patients who presented with symptomatic TTH and were assigned to three treatment groups according to their treatment needs. Group A (30 patients): a conservative treatment protocol with a combination of an occlusal splint and analgesic and muscle relaxant medication. Group B (10 patients): invasive prosthodontic procedures. Group C (30 patients): patients who refused any type of treatment but consented to the study served as a control group. Pain quality was measured with the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6). The statistical analysis was performed with the Wilcoxon rank test (P ≤ .05).
Results: Conservative treatment with splints and analgesic medication and invasive treatment by prosthetic rehabilitation relieved the TTH symptoms. The patients who received treatment experienced a significant reduction in their discomfort after 6 months (P ≤ .01), whereas the patients who refused therapy remained, on average, at the same pain level (P ≤ .117). In group A, the HIT-6 score was reduced for 26 patients, and in group B for 8 patients. In group C a reduction of HIT-6 scores was observed in 10 patients.
Conclusion: Conservative or invasive occlusal adjustments may serve as a useful tool in the treatment of TTH.

Keywords: headache relief, occlusal adjustment, tension-type headache