Quintessence Int 44 (2013), No. 8 15. July 2013
Quintessence Int 44 (2013), No. 8 (15.07.2013)
Page 567-573, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a29749, PubMed:23757458
Association between periodontal disease and venous thromboembolic disease
Sánchez-Siles, Mariano / Rosa-Salazar, Vladimir / Camacho-Alonso, Fabio / Salazar-Sánchez, Noemí / Cozar-Hidalgo, Jesus
Objective: In recent years, periodontal disease has been related to a large number of systemic disorders. The aim of this study was to find a relationship between periodontal disease and venous thromboembolic disease.
Method and Materials: A total of 197 patients were included in the study, 97 patients with a diagnosis of venous thromboembolic disease and 100 healthy controls, in order to establish an association between these two conditions. All patients were subjected to periodontal examination, with evaluation of the number of teeth, Bleeding Index, Gingival Index, Simplified Oral Hygiene Index, Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs, Clinical Attachment Level, Probing Pocket Depth, number of pockets >= 4 mm, and number of pockets >= 6 mm.
Results: A high prevalence of periodontal disease was detected in patients with thromboembolic disease (P < .001). Bleeding Index, Gingival Index, Simplified Oral Hygiene Index, Clinical Attachment Level, and Probing Pocket Depth were higher in venous thromboembolic disease patients than in the control group (P < .001).
Conclusion: A high prevalence of periodontal disease was detected in venous thromboembolic patients. There exists an association between periodontal disease and venous thromboembolic disease.
Keywords: periodontal disease, venous thromboembolic disease