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Quintessence International



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Quintessence Int 23 (1992), No. 7     1. July 1992
Quintessence Int 23 (1992), No. 7  (01.07.1992)

Page 515-518

Evaluation of the apical sealing ability of apatite root canal sealer
Barkhordar / Stark / Soelberg
The apical sealing ability of a tricalcium phosphate sealer was compared with that of three other sealers. Seventy roots of human incisors were cleansed and shaped and randomly assigned to one of seven groups of ten roots each. The root canal systems were obturated with gutta-percha and one sealer using the lateral-vertical condensation technique. The canal was sealed with Roth's sealer, Sealapex, Kerr root canal sealer, or Sankin apatite root sealer (Type I, II, or III). One group was filled with gutta-percha without sealer to serve as a control. After the roots were immersed in silver nitrate, the degree of dye penetration was measured under a dissecting microscope. Results indicated that Sealapex had the best sealing ability, followed by Sankin apatite root sealer, Type II. Roth's cement showed the most dye penetration. Canals that were obturated without sealer showed significantly greater apical leakage.