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Quintessence International
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Quintessence Int 26 (1995), No. 10     1. Oct. 1995
Quintessence Int 26 (1995), No. 10  (01.10.1995)

Page 669-681


Long-term survival of fragment bonding in the treatment of fractured crowns: A multicenter clinical study
Andreasen / Noren / Andreasen / Engelhardtsen / Lindh-Stromberg
In three Scandinavian dental facilities, a series of 334 permanent incisors with fractures of the crown or crown and root was treated by reattachment of the fragment with a resin composite. Two centers (Oslo and Stockholm) employed acid etching of enamel alone for fragment bonding (n=146), while the third center (Copenhagen) used a combination of enamel etching and dentinal bonding (n=188). Although the final retention rate of fragment bonding was similar in the two groups, it took the dentinal bonding group almost three times as long to drop to 50% fragment retention. This difference could be attributed to greater bonding strength in the dentinal bonding group, greater risk of second injury in the younger acid-etching group, or difficulty in maintaining a operative field in the younger age group. The good fragment retention, acceptable esthetics, and pulpal vitality observed in the present series indicate that reattachment of the coronal fragment is a realistic alternative to placement of conventional resin-composite restorations.