Quintessence Int 30 (1999), No. 3 (01.03.1999)
Solubility and fluoride release in ionomers and compomers
Bertacchini / Abate / Blank / Baglieto / Macchi
Objective: The degree of solubility and the fluoride release of glass-ionomer cements and compomers were determined as a function of time. Method and materials: Three conventional glass-ionomer cements, three hybrid ionomers, and two compomers were included in the study. Disk-shaped specimens were prepared and immersed in a lactic acid solution. Solubility was evaluated from determinations of loss of mass as a function of time. To evaluate fluoride release, similar specimens were immersed in 50 mL of deionized water to which 50 mL of buffer solution was added. A fluoride ion detector was used to read the concentration of fluoride ion in the overall solution at different times after immersion. Results: Material and time factors had a significant influence on results. The compomers showed less corrosion and fluoride release than the ionomers. Some correlation was found between solubility and fluoride leakage values. Conclusion: Components of both the ionomers and compomers that were studied can dissolve in water. The materials leak fluoride ions in amounts that differ according to the characteristics of the individual products.