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Quintessence International
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Quintessence Int 32 (2001), No. 3     1. Mar. 2001
Quintessence Int 32 (2001), No. 3  (01.03.2001)

Page 206-210


Fracture toughness of posterior resin composites
Bonilla, Esteban D. / Mardirossian, Greg / Caputo, Angelo A.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the resistance to crack propagation, as measured by the fracture toughness, of some packable posterior resin composites with other posterior resin composite materials. Method and materials: Fracture toughness determinations were made for the 5 packable and the other posterior resin composites using 3-point flexure of beams with a standardized central single-edge notch. Ten beams of each material were tested on an Instron test machine. The maximum loads were determined, from which the fracture toughness values (KIC) were calculated. The data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA and t tests. Results: The resin composites tested demonstrated a range of KIC values. The materials were separated according to the mean KIC values into 5 groups that were statistically different. While 2 packable resin composites had KIC values that were among the highest, the other packables were substantially lower than nonpackables. The intermediate value group consisted of 3 of the conventional posterior resin composites. Conclusion: There was a very weak correlation between fracture toughness and reported volume concentration of particulate reinforcing elements. The posterior resin composites tested exhibited a spectrum of KIC values. The packable resin composites were distributed along this spectrum, with 2 products exhibiting high potential for resistance to crack propagation.