Quintessence Int 32 (2001), No. 7 1. July 2001
Quintessence Int 32 (2001), No. 7 (01.07.2001)
Response of three types of cast posts and cores to static loading
Martínez-González, Amparo / Amigó-Borrás, Vicente / Fons-Font, Antonio / Selva-Otaolaurruchi, Eduardo / Labaig-Rueda, Carlos
Objective: An analysis is made of the influence of continuous compression loading on different types of cast posts and cores and its effects on the crowns and teeth. Method and materials: Thirty extracted maxillary canines were prepared and divided into three groups (n = 10) according to the type of cast posts and cores used for restoration: chrome-nickel alloy, acetalic resin, and IPS-Empress porcelain. Metallic cast crowns were luted onto the cores. The specimens were evaluated with an Instron testing machine at an angulation of 45 degrees and a forward speed of 0.5 mm/min. After testing, the specimens were sectioned along the axis and examined under 340 magnification. Results: Mean load resistance of the restorations until fracture was 2,120 N, 1,491 N, and 2,139 N in the chrome-nickel, IPS-Empress ceramic, and acetalic resin groups, respectively. Conclusion: Significant differences in resistance were observed between metal and porcelain and between resin and porcelain. Microscopically, the apical portion was found to be most affected by fracture and compromised the teeth subjected to chrome-nickel restorations. The metal cast posts and cores exhibited different angulations, while the ceramic restorations showed cracks. The acetalic resin cast posts and cores presented no fractures.