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Quintessence Int 42 (2011), No. 8     15. July 2011
Quintessence Int 42 (2011), No. 8  (15.07.2011)

Online Article, Page 711, PubMed:21842011


Online Article: New-generation curing units and short irradiation time: The degree of conversion of microhybrid composite resin
Scotti, Nicola / Venturello, Alberto / Migliaretti, Giuseppe / Pera, Francesco / Pasqualini, Damiano / Geobaldo, Francesco / Berutti, Elio
This in vitro study investigated the depth of cure of a microhybrid composite resin when cured with reduced times of exposure to three commercially available curing lights. Different sample thicknesses (1, 2, and 3 mm) were light cured in high intensity polymerization mode (2,400 mW/cm2 for 5, 10, 15, and 20 seconds; 1,100 mW/cm2 for 10, 20, 30, and 40 seconds; and 1,100 mW/cm2 for 10, 20, 30, and 40 seconds, respectively). The degree of conversion (%) at the bottom of each sample was measured by Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR F-TIR) analysis after each polymerization step. Data were analyzed by ANOVA for repeated measures, showing the degree of conversion was not influenced by the curing light employed (P = .622) but was significantly influenced by the thickness of composite resin (P < .05). Variations in the degree of conversion vs the shorter irradiation time permitted (T1) were not significant among different lamps but were significant among different thicknesses. The depth of cure of microhybrid composite resin appears not to be influenced by the curing light employed. Increased irradiation time significantly increases the degree of conversion. Thickness strongly influences depth of cure.

Keywords: composite thickness, curing depth, F-TIR, irradiation time