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Quintessence International



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Quintessence Int 42 (2011), No. 6     9. May 2011
Quintessence Int 42 (2011), No. 6  (09.05.2011)

Page 493-499, PubMed:21519587

A rare case of generalized pyogenic granuloma: A case report
Shivaswamy, Sumanth / Siddiqui, Nazia / Jain, A. Sanjay / Koshy, Ajit / Tambwekar, Sonal / Shankar, Akhil
Gingival enlargement is defined as an overgrowth or increase in size of the gingiva. Enlargement can be of many types depending on etiologic factors like inflammation, drug-induced effects, neoplasm, hormonal imbalance, and systemic involvement (leukemia, etc). Drugs and hormonal imbalance are the most common causes of gingival enlargement. Nonspecific conditioned enlargement, or pyogenic granuloma, is considered an exaggerated conditioned response to minor trauma or chronic irritation. Pyogenic granuloma occurring in the oral cavity is a common phenomenon. However, simultaneously occurring generalized pyogenic granuloma in the oral cavity is a rare entity. Generalized pyogenic granuloma on the back and skin have been reported. This is the first case report of generalized pyogenic granuloma in the oral cavity. A 19-year-old male patient reported with a complaint of difficulty in mastication and generalized swelling of the gingiva that developed within a span of 15 days. Family and systemic history were noncontributory. Based on the clinical findings, histopathology report, and immunohistochemistry result, the patient was diagnosed with generalized pyogenic granuloma. Scaling and root planing were performed as the first phase of therapy followed by external bevel gingivectomy. The patient was followed for 3 months. The patient was advised to visit the clinic for regular maintenance visits for 1 year, as pyogenic granuloma has a tendency to recur.

Keywords: external bevel gingivectomy, generalized pyogenic granuloma, gingival enlargement, pyogenic granuloma, scaling and root planing