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Quintessence International



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Quintessence Int 42 (2011), No. 4     2. Mar. 2011
Quintessence Int 42 (2011), No. 4  (02.03.2011)

Page 323-329, PubMed:21516278

Use of dental radiographic minipanel series in disabled adults in a university-based special care dental clinic
Strickland, Maxine / Canin, Rufus L. / Mahevich, Richard A. / Duda, Peter W. / Spicvack, Evan / Robinson, Mark D. / Mupparapu, Muralidhar
Objective: To compare the diagnostic efficacy of a minipanel series to a conventional 18-radiograph full-mouth series in a disabled adult population in a university clinic.
Method and Materials: Eighty patients who attended the New Jersey Dental School special care services clinic between 2004 and 2006 were selected for a double-blind quasiexperimental study based on existing full-mouth series radiographs. A minipanel series consisting of eight radiographs from the 18-radiograph full-mouth series was used as a comparison against a matched pair of an 18-radiograph exam. The diagnostic efficacy of this eight-radiograph series was tested against the more conventional 18-radiograph full-mouth series to determine whether the minipanel series was an acceptable substitute for the full-mouth series in this population group. Traditionally, it is difficult to obtain full-mouth series radiographs in patients with disabilities.
Results: From the 80 studied patients, a total of 2,219 teeth were available for study. A median of 29 teeth per patient was found in the full-mouth series and 28 teeth per patient in the minipanel series category. The difference was statistically significant (P < .001). Of the patients evaluated, 78 (97.5%) had at least one problem detected when the full-mouth series was used. Of these 78 with at least one problem, 74 (94.8%) were identified using the minipanel series. The sensitivity for the minipanel series when compared to the gold-standard full-mouth series was 63% (95% confidence interval [CI], 59.2 to 68.0) for tooth-specific disease; the specificity was 92% (95% CI, 92.2 to 94.5).
Conclusion: Prospective studies are needed for the acceptance and use of minipanel radiographic series in conjunction with a clinical examination.

Keywords: disabled patients, minipanel series, radiographs