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Quintessence International
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Quintessence Int 41 (2010), No. 5     31. Mar. 2010
Quintessence Int 41 (2010), No. 5  (31.03.2010)

Page 427-431, PubMed:20376379


Early antimicrobial activity of intracanal medications on the external root surface of periodontally compromised teeth
Silva, Mônica Reggi Reis / Chambrone, Leandro / Bombana, Antônio Carlos / Lima, Luiz A.
Objective: To verify the effect of scaling and root planing on the antimicrobial activity of intracanal medications on the external root surface of periodontally compromised teeth.
Method and Materials: Forty single-rooted extracted teeth were randomly assigned for visible calculus removal or scaling and root planing. Samples were separated into four groups-chlorhexidine, tetracycline hydrochloride, calcium hydroxide, or saline solution- and immersed in semisolid media and seeded with Micrococcus luteus for 24 hours. The zones of inhibition were measured using a profile projector.
Results: Calcium hydroxide and saline solution did not show bacterial growth inhibition. Chlorhexidine and tetracycline showed the occurrence of zones of inhibition in 70% and 40% of specimens, respectively.
Conclusion: Partial antimicrobial activity on the external root surface was found when chlorhexidine and tetracycline solutions were used as intracanal medications; however, root planing procedures may modify this condition.

Keywords: chlorhexidine, endodontics-periodontics, local antimicrobial therapy, periodontitis, scaling and root planing, tetracycline