Quintessence Int 41 (2010), No. 5 31. Mar. 2010
Quintessence Int 41 (2010), No. 5 (31.03.2010)
Page 371-378, PubMed:20376371
Transition from a failing dentition to a removable implant-supported prosthesis: A staged approach
Cordaro, Luca / Torsello, Ferruccio / Ribeiro, Carlos Accorsi
Patients with hopeless dentition often present difficulties in the management of the transitional phase to the final restoration. This article describes a staged approach to achieve a full-arch, implant-supported, removable prosthesis in patients with a hopeless dentition. The approach described allows the clinician to proceed in a staged manner and facilitate prosthetic steps by keeping fixed references for vertical dimension. This technique includes initial conservative periodontal care and, afterward, extraction of some strategic teeth, while others are temporarily maintained. At this point, the implants are positioned, and during the healing period, the remaining natural abutments are used for occlusal reference and to stabilize the removable provisional prosthesis. After osseointegration of the implants, the residual teeth are extracted and the final prosthesis is delivered. The main advantages of the technique include maintenance of function during treatment, stabilization of the removable provisional (especially in the mandibular arch), prosthetic-guided insertion of implants, and easier retrieval of prosthetic references. The main drawbacks are longer treatment time and the need for two surgical steps.
Keywords: hopeless dentition, implant-supported overdentures, removable prosthesis