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Quintessence International



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Quintessence Int 41 (2010), No. 3     28. Jan. 2010
Quintessence Int 41 (2010), No. 3  (28.01.2010)

Online Article, Page 264, PubMed:20213014

Online Article: Sulcus depth reproduction with polyvinyl siloxane impression material: Effects of hydrophilicity and impression temperature
Takahashi, Hidekazu / Finger, Werner J. / Kurokawa, Rie / Furukawa, Masae / Komatsu, Masashi
Objective: To determine the sulcus penetration ability of hydrophilic and hydrophobic polyvinyl siloxane (PVS) impression materials by impression technique, temperature, and sulcus width.
Method and Materials: Hydrophilic Flexitime (FLE; Heraeus Kulzer) and its hydrophobic counterpart (EXP) without surfactant were investigated, using light (L), monophase (M), and heavy (H) consistencies. A truncated steel cone surrounded by a 2-mm-deep and 50-, 100-, or 200-µm-wide sulcus, simulating the gingival tissue with agar, served as the test model. Impressions were made with single-mix (L or M) and doublemix (LM or LH) techniques at 23°C and 37°C, respectively. The reproduced sulcus heights were measured with a 3D laser scanner. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey HSD (P < .05).
Results: Irrespective of sulcus widths and temperature FLE-L penetrated deepest (> 1.9 mm); FLE-M, -LM, and -LH reproductions were shorter with narrow sulci. Reproductions of 50- and 100-µm sulci with EXP-L were shallower than with FLE-L. The shortest reproduction was, however, greater than 1.6 mm.
Conclusions: In spite of some significant differences found in sulcus-reproducing ability with hydrophilic and hydrophobic impression materials applied at different impression-making temperatures and with different techniques, the practical relevance is limited.

Keywords: consistency, elastomeric impression materials, hydrophilicity, impression temperature, polyvinyl siloxane, sulcus reproduction