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Quintessence International



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Quintessence Int 38 (2007), No. 3     2. Feb. 2007
Quintessence Int 38 (2007), No. 3  (02.02.2007)

Online Article, Page 174, PubMed:17510728

Online Article: Influence of cavity preparation and curing method on the marginal seal of resin composite restorations: An in vitro evaluation
Cervantes Jorge, André Luiz / de Araújo, Maria Amélia Máximo
Objective: To evaluate the influence of cavity design and photocuring method on the marginal seal of resin composite restorations. Method and Materials: Seventy-two bovine teeth were divided into 2 groups: group 1 received box-type cavity preparations, and group 2 received plate-type preparations. Each group was divided into 3 subgroups. After etching and bonding, Z250 resin composite (3M Espe) was applied in 2 equal increments and cured with 1 of 3 techniques: (1) conventional curing for 30 seconds at 650 mW/cm2; (2) 2-step photocuring, in which the first step was performed 14 mm from the restoration for 10 seconds at 180 mW/cm2 and the second step was performed in direct contact for 20 seconds at 650 mW/cm2; or (3) progressive curing using Jetlite 4000 (J. Morita) for 8 seconds at 125 mW/cm2 and then 22 seconds at 125 mW/cm2 up to 500 mW/cm2. The specimens were thermocycled for 500 cycles and then submitted to dye penetration with a 50% silver nitrate solution. Microleakage was assessed using a stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey test (5% level of significance).
Results: A statistically significant difference was found between groups when a double interaction between photocuring and cavity preparation was considered (P = .029).
Conclusions: No one type of cavity preparation or photocuring method prevented micro-leakage. The plate-type preparation showed the worst dye penetration when conventional and progressive photocuring methods were used. The best results were found using the 2-step photocuring with the plate-type preparation.

Keywords: cavity preparation, microleakage, photocuring, resin composite