Quintessence Int 40 (2009), No. 3 6. Feb. 2009
Quintessence Int 40 (2009), No. 3 (06.02.2009)
Page 191-194, PubMed:19417882
Interforaminal implant therapy using a split skin graft-Treatment outcome after 13 years
Karl, Matthias / Fenner, Matthias / Amann, Kerstin / Heckmann, Josef G. / Wichmann, Manfred G. / Heckmann, Siegfried M.
In implant patients who have extended soft tissue deficiencies, split skin grafts have been performed for the prevention of peri-implant inflammation. The aim of this investigation was to assess a patient who received 2 interforaminal implants and a split skin graft 13 years prior. In addition to clinical, mycologic, and radiographic examinations, the condition of the split skin graft was evaluated using histologic analysis of 3 punch biopsies taken from the mucosa, grafted area, and border between both areas. The implants were found to have an overall good clinical condition. Fungal infection was not present. The histologic analysis revealed inflammation-free mucosal and submucosal tissue in all samples. In the area of the skin graft, the mucosa was not keratinized and showed an increased thickness of the submucosal connective tissue. For the patient under examination, an acceptable level of oral rehabilitation was achieved using a split skin graft. The follow-up investigation showed stable conditions for both the implants and the graft.
Keywords: implant therapy, interforaminal implants, long-term results, split skin graft, telescopic crowns