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Quintessence Int 39 (2008), No. 9     25. Aug. 2008
Quintessence Int 39 (2008), No. 9  (25.08.2008)

Page 749-752, PubMed:19093047


An epidemiologic study of lip and palate clefts from a Brazilian reference hospital
Martelli-Júnior, Hercílio / Bonan, Paulo Rogério Ferreti / Santos, Rodrigo Coleto / Barbosa, Daniella Reis / Swerts, Mário Sérgio Oliveira / Coletta, Ricardo Della
Objective: To investigate the distribution of several types of clefts among adolescents and adults receiving treatment at the Center for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, Unifenas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil.
Methods and Materials: A total 154 untreated patients of low socioeconomic means with cleft lips and/or palates, without additional malformations, who came to the Center for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies for treatment were analyzed, and clinical and socioeconomic variables were detailed.
Results: A predominance of complete cleft lip and palate, either unilateral or bilateral, was observed (52.60%), followed by isolated cleft lip (33.12%) and isolated cleft palate (14.28%). A discrete relationship between cleft palate and the female gender was noticed, and males were more affected by other types of clefts.
Conclusions: Non-Caucasian males with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate constituted the main profile of affected individuals.

Keywords: cleft lip and palate, epidemiology, population study