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Quintessence Int 39 (2008), No. 7     2. June 2008
Quintessence Int 39 (2008), No. 7  (02.06.2008)

Page 581-586, PubMed:19107266


Flexural properties, microleakage, and degree of conversion of a resin polymerized with conventional light and argon laser
Ramos Lloret, Patricia / Turbino, Miriam Lacalle / Kawano, Yoshio / Aguilera, Fatima Sanchez / Osorio, Raquel / Toledano, Manuel
Objective: To evaluate the flexural strength, microleakage, and degree of conversion of a microhybrid resin polymerized with argon laser and halogen lamp.
Method and Materials: For both flexural test and degree of conversion analysis, 5 bar samples of composite resin were prepared and polymerized according to ISO 4049. The halogen light-curing unit was used with 500 mW/cm2 for 20 seconds and the argon laser with 250 mW for 10 and 20 seconds. Samples were stored in distilled water in a dark environment at 37°C for 24 hours. The flexural property was quantified by a 3-point loading test. For the microleakage evaluation, 60 bovine incisors were used to prepare standardized Class 5 cavities, which were restored and polished. Specimens were stored in distilled water for 24 hours at 37°C and thermocycled 500 times (6°C to 60°C). Specimens were then immersed in an aqueous solution of basic fuchsin for 24 hours. Longitudinal sections of each restoration were obtained and examined with a stereomicroscope for qualitative evaluation of microleakage. Fourier transform (FT)-Raman RFS 100/S spectrometer (Bruker) was used to analyze the degree of conversion.
Results: ANOVA showed no statistically significant differences of flexural strength between the photoactivation types evaluated in the flexural study. Microleakage data were statistically analyzed by Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Enamel margins resulted in a statistically lower degree of leakage than dentin margins. No statistically significant difference was found among the 3 types of photocuring studied. ANOVA also showed no statistically significant difference in the degree of conversion among the studied groups.
Conclusion: According to the methodology used in this research, the argon laser is a possible alternative for photocuring, providing the same quality of polymerization as the halogen lamp. None of the photocured units tested in this study completely eliminated microleakage.

Keywords: argon laser, degree of conversion, flexural properties, halogen lamp, microleakage, polymerization, resin