Quintessence Int 38 (2007), No. 3 2. Feb. 2007
Quintessence Int 38 (2007), No. 3 (02.02.2007)
Page 247-252, PubMed:17334003
Levels of metalloproteinase-2 and -9 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 in gingival crevicular fluid of patients with periodontitis, gingivitis, and healthy gingiva
Maeso, Gema / Bravo, Manuel / Bascones, Antonio
Objective: To compare the levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in patients with gingivitis and periodontitis and in healthy controls.
Methods: Levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 were determined by ELISA in patients with healthy gingiva (n = 16), gingivitis (n = 18), and periodontitis (n = 25). The subjects with periodontitis were examined before and 1 month after basic periodontal therapy.
Results: Slightly higher concentrations of MMP-9 were observed in patients with periodontitis but without statistical significance. MMP-2 was found to be slightly diminished in these patients. The lowest concentrations of MMP inhibitor (TIMP-1) were observed in patients with periodontitis, in whom the concentrations increased after periodontal treatment.
Conclusion: The reduction in TIMP-1 concentrations in disease situations suggests a breakdown of the balance between the amount of MMPs and their inhibitor.
Keywords: gingivitis, metalloproteinase, periodontitis, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1