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Quintessence International



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Quintessence Int 51 (2020), No. 6     20. May 2020
Quintessence Int 51 (2020), No. 6  (20.05.2020)

Page 496-501, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a44146, PubMed:32080687

Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the palate in a young bodybuilder with anabolic androgenic steroids abuse
Abdalla-Aslan, Ragda / Frid, Hanna / Totri, Amir / Akrish, Sharon / Merhav, Goni / Rachmiel, Adi
Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a benign, self-limiting, inflammatory disease of salivary glands, mainly involving the minor salivary glands in the palate. This lesion can mimic a malignant neoplasm, both clinically and histopathologically, manifesting as a submucosal swelling or as an ulcer of the palate. This report presents a case of an otherwise healthy bodybuilder with anabolic androgenic steroids abuse with bilateral necrotizing sialometaplasia in the palate, and discusses computed tomography findings in the pre-ulceration phase. Literature review revealed another two cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia with preoperative imaging, both performed in the ulceration phase. The importance of radiographic findings as an aid in differential diagnosis is further discussed, as well as the role of possible predisposing factors including anabolic androgenic steroids abuse in the pathogenesis of necrotizing sialometaplasia.

Keywords: anabolic androgenic steroids, contrast media, multidetector computed tomography, necrotizing sialometaplasia, palatine bone