Quintessence Int 50 (2019), No. 9 9. Sep. 2019
Quintessence Int 50 (2019), No. 9 (09.09.2019)
Page 754-761, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a43090, PubMed:31482156
Are drug-related dental management cautions in Lexicomp Online for Dentistry evidence-based? A systematic review of the literature
Qadeer, Ayesha / Omolehinwa, Temitope T. / Mupparapu, Mel / Akintoye, Sunday O.
Objectives: Drug reference databases provide information on potential drug-related medical complications in a dental patient. It is important that database entries and recommendations are supported by evidence-based original studies focused on drug-related dental management complications. The aim of this study was to review and identify database drug categories associated with evidence-based drug-related medical complications during dental treatment.
Data sources: Relevant publications on adverse drug reactions and dental management complications were thoroughly reviewed from the literature published between July 1975 and July 2019.
Method and materials: The drug reference database "Lexicomp Online for Dentistry" was reviewed to identify medications associated with the highest propensity to trigger drug-related dental management complications, and these were correlated with published original studies in PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases that associated drug actions with dental treatment complications.
Results: Fifty-four publications (1.2% of all full-text articles) reported original studies that directly tested drug associations with dental management complications. The cautions in the drug reference database on drug-related dental treatment mainly focused on local anesthetic precaution (P < .001), xerostomia (P < .001), bleeding (P < .001), and a combination of xerostomia and bleeding (P < .001). Antipsychotics/antidepressants were mostly associated with local anesthetic complications (80.95%), xerostomia (81.93%), and a combination of xerostomia and bleeding (22.89%). Bleeding complication was associated with anticoagulants (80.00%) and cancer chemotherapeutic agents (59.21%).
Conclusions: Similarities exist within and across different drug categories in the database entries on drug-related medical complications in a dental patient. There were a relatively limited number of publications that directly tested the association between drug-related medical complications and dental therapies.
Clinical relevance: The most common drug cautions during dental treatment reported in Lexicomp Online for Dentistry were limited to drug-drug interactions with local anesthetic actions, excessive bleeding, xerostomia, or a combination of any of these. These recommendations were supported by limited evidence-based studies.
Keywords: bleeding, dental treatment planning, drug effects, medical complications, xerostomia