Quintessence Int 50 (2019), No. 7 14. June 2019
Quintessence Int 50 (2019), No. 7 (14.06.2019)
Page 576-582, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a42652, PubMed:31161157
A nouveau collagen scaffold to simplify lateral augmentation of deficient ridges between natural teeth
Smidt, Ami / Gutmacher, Zvi / Sharon, Eldad
The volume of the bone in a site past an extraction degrades significantly and thus it is imperative to evaluate the situation for implant placement. Besides the need for sufficient bone, the amount and quality of the soft tissue covering the bone in the missing tooth area and nature of the adjacent teeth must be carefully assessed. In anterior sites, reconstructive surgery is usually performed to restore these hard and soft tissues, mainly for esthetic reasons, but it is equally essential in posterior sites to ensure adequate functional support. In guided bone regeneration procedures, barrier membranes block the augmented areas, provide and maintain space for regenerative material, and protect the blood clot, allowing a normal wound stability process. Clinicians prefer using resorbable membranes in most cases, whereas a nonresorbable membrane is selected to correct large defects. This report proposes the use of a collagen scaffold as a core material for guided bone regeneration in the case of a missing tooth between two existing teeth, when there is sufficient bone to place an implant but a horizontal defect is present in the crestal ridge. The tested question is whether a thick, reinforced, resorbable collagen scaffold (Ossix Volumax) can provide a stable basis for restoring the lost volume of a deficient ridge. The regeneration procedure presented with the collagen scaffold resulted in restoration of the lost tissue volume and a favorable lifelike emergence profile for the implant-supported crown. This augmentation procedure is simpler to perform in certain cases than existing procedures with bone substitute material and/or an interpositional connective tissue graft harvested from a remote donor site, the harvest of which is not required.
Keywords: bone resorption, collagen scaffold, guided bone regeneration, posterior implant, resorbable membrane