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Quintessence Int 49 (2018), No. 10     19. Oct. 2018
Quintessence Int 49 (2018), No. 10  (19.10.2018)

Page 781-786, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a41182, PubMed:30264059


CAD/CAM diamond tool wear
Roperto, Renato Cassio / Lopes, Fabiane Carneiro / Porto, Thiago Soares / Teich, Sorin / Rizzante, Fabio Antonio Piola / Gutmacher, Zvi / Sousa-Neto, Manoel Damião de
Objective: This study evaluated the wear of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) burs and the morphologic changes after a number of millings.
Method and Materials: Diamond burs (cylinder and step-bur) were divided into four milling groups: zero millings (G0); 15 millings (G1); 25 millings (G2); and 35 millings (G3). Seventy-five premolar crowns were milled using the Cerec Compact Milling unit and VitaBlock Mark II. Surface roughness, three-dimensional profile, and SEM were used for wear and surface damage evaluation.
Results: Two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (α = .05) showed that G3 produced statistically different values compared to G0 and G2, but not G1. The cylinder burs showed higher roughness values than step-burs for all groups. SEM showed similar diamond particle damage for cylinder burs and step-burs, and signs of surface damage, cracks, and particle losses for G3.
Conclusion: Both cylinder burs and step-burs were able to sustain a larger number of milling procedures than indicated by the manufacturer.

Keywords: CAD/CAM, dental technology, diamond burs, prosthodontics, roughness