Quintessence Int 49 (2018), No. 8 17. Aug. 2018
Quintessence Int 49 (2018), No. 8 (17.08.2018)
Page 663-671, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a40781, PubMed:30027172
Computerized three-dimensional design for accurate orienting and dimensioning artificial dental socket for tooth autotransplantation
Ashkenazi, Malka / Shashua, Dafna / Kegen, Salo / Nuni, Eyal / Duggal, Monty / Shuster, Amir
Objective: To present an improved, accurate, and efficient method for planning and preparing an artificial socket for autotransplantation, by using a three-dimensional (3D) surgical guide and a replica of the transplanted donor tooth. The guide and the tooth replica were fabricated using a computerized 3D simulation. A case treated with this approach is presented.
Method and Materials: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and computerized 3D simulations (Simplant plus registration as stereolithography) were used for planning the optimal artificial socket position and dimensions, within the limitations of the alveolar bone borders and the adjacent teeth roots, and for producing a metal replica of the transplanted tooth. The replica was used to assure the correct socket preparation and orientation before extraction and replantation of the donor premolar.
Results: The entire procedure time for autotransplantation of a permanent second premolar to the incisor site without the buccal plate was about 45 minutes. At 15 months' follow up, clinical examination of the transplanted tooth demonstrated both normal mobility and no sensitivity to cold stimulation. A radiographic examination revealed continuous root development and pulp obliteration. The adjacent teeth maintained their vitality with no pathologic signs.
Conclusion: We present an improved technique for autotransplantation based on computerized 3D simulations and guidance for accurate dimensioning and optimal locating of the artificial socket relative to the alveolar bone borders and the adjacent teeth roots. This technique may significantly simplify the autotransplantation procedure and will probably also increase its success rate and use in young patients, even in cases with absence of a buccal plate.
Keywords: 3D printed template, dental socket, guided autotransplantation, modern autotransplantation, surgical template