Quintessence Int 49 (2018), No. 4 16. Mar. 2018
Quintessence Int 49 (2018), No. 4 (16.03.2018)
Page 301-312, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a38544, PubMed:28681042
Biology of teeth and implants: The external environment, biology of structures, and clinical aspects
Eggert, F.-Michael / Levin, Liran
For the past several thousand years, until development of the titanium dental implant, only a few missing teeth were replaced successfully in a very small number of individuals. Nowadays, placement of dental implants has become sufficiently commonplace that there is a need to interchange information between what we know about periodontal health and disease and what we know about health and disease involving dental implants. This review discusses the similarities and differences between teeth and dental implants with regards to anatomy, biology, physiology, and pathologic processes. The concept of biologic width is discussed in the context of interaction of periodontal and peri-implant tissues with microbial products produced by periodontal biofilms. The periodontal microbiome is discussed as networks of organisms interacting not only with periodontal and peri-implant tissues, but also with each other as networks of competing organisms. Overall, the transfer of biologic knowledge from what we know about peri-implantitis and what we know about periodontitis should help to develop new directions for biologic understanding about both health and disease of teeth and dental implants.
Keywords: bone, bone loss, gingival health, plaque