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Quintessence International



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Quintessence Int 46 (2015), No. 5     27. Mar. 2015
Quintessence Int 46 (2015), No. 5  (27.03.2015)

Page 381-388, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a33517, PubMed:25642461

Two-year clinical performance in primary teeth of nano-filled versus conventional resin-modified glass-ionomer restorations
Abo-Hamar, Sahar E. / El-Desouky, Shaimaa S. / Abu Hamila, Nahed A.
Objective: The hypothesis to be tested was that the clinical performance of nano-filled resin-modified glass ionomers (RMGIs) in Class I primary molars will differ from that of its preceding conventional RMGI.
Method and Materials: The shear bond strengths of each material to primary molar dentin were measured (n = 10) using a notched-edge crosshead. Independent sample t test was used for statistical analysis. A split-mouth designed clinical trial was performed in which nano-filled RMGI (Ketac Nano; KN) and conventional RMGI (Vitremer; VR) were used to restore Class I cavities of primary molars. Each material group (n = 30) was evaluated according to United States Public Health Service (USPHS), regarding marginal discoloration, marginal adaptation, color match, anatomic form, and recurrent caries, at baseline, after 1 year, and after 2 years. Wilcoxon signed-rank test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.
Results: Shear bond strength (mean ± SD) of KN (6.3 ± 3.9 MPa) was significantly lower (P < .05) than that of VR (9.5 ± 2.7 MPa). After 2 years, KN restorations showed significantly increased wear (92% Alpha and 8% Charlie) and marginal discoloration (23% Bravo and 8% Charlie) with secondary caries (8%). Color match was significantly decreased for both KN and VR (69% and 73% Bravo, respectively). When parameters were compared for materials at each recall, there was no statistically significant difference between KN and VR.
Conclusion: Nano-filled RMGI may not be better than conventional RMGI; its wear resistance deteriorates with time, and it has low bond strength to dentin.

Keywords: bond strength, Class I, clinical trial, nano-filled resin-modified glass ionomer, primary teeth