Quintessence Int 30 (1999), No. 2 (01.02.1999)
In vitro comparison of 10-minute versus 24-hour shear bond strengths of six dentin bonding systems
Price / Hall
Objective: Early bond strengths produced by dentin bonding systems should be sufficient to resist the polymerization shrinkage of resin composite. This study compared the 10-minute and 24-hour shear bond strengths of six dentin bonding systems: One-Step (OS), PermaQuik (PQ), Prime & Bond 2.1 (PB), Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (SBMP), Single Bond (SB), and Tenure Quik with Fluoride (TQ). Method and materials: Each bonding system was used to bond composite to visibly moist dentin at 34 degrees C ± 2 degrees C. The specimens were debonded at 37 degrees C ± 1 degree C 10 minutes after the start of light curing of the bonding system, and the results were compared with the 24-hour bond strengths. The mode of failure was recorded Results: The 10-minute mean shear bond strengths were: OS, 16.4; PQ, 14.3; SB, 14.0; PB, 12.7; TX, 10.7; and SBMP, 9.3 MPa. The 24-hour mean shear bond strengths were OS, 23.3; PB, 20.8; SB, 20.3; PQ, 19.4; TQ, 11.2; and SBMP, 10.0 M Pa. The 10-minute mean shear bond strengths of OS, PQ, PB, and SB bonding systems were significantly less than the 24-hour values. More dentinal fractures and mixed failures were observed with OS, PQ, and PB. Systems with higher bond strengths had more resin penetration into the lateral dentinal branches. Conclusion: The 10-minute mean shear bond strengths were all less than 17 MPa, and the 10-minute bond strengths were less than the 24-hour values.