Quintessence Int 32 (2001), No. 2 1. Feb. 2001
Quintessence Int 32 (2001), No. 2 (01.02.2001)
The influence of surface configuration on the retention of posts designed for use with a cast-on technique
Rosin, Michael / Fleissner, Peter / Welk, Alexander / Steffen, Heike / Heine, Burkhard
Objectives: The combination of an individually cast core and a prefabricated metal post is one of the many techniques to restore endodontically treated teeth. The surface characteristics of commercially available posts vary considerably and likely influence retention. In this study, the surface configuration of 11 castable prefabricated post systems and their retention at the post-cement interface were investigated. Method and materials: Scanning electron microscopic photos were made to assess surfaces of the posts. Etchant residues or applied surface layers were also analyzed with an electron beam microprobe. For the retention measurements, 6 posts from each system were cemented in artificial root canals with a zinc phosphate cement. Retention was measured on a universal testing machine. Results: Analysis of variance and the Ryan-Einot-Gabriel-Welsch F test revealed significant differences in retention between posts; these differences were related to the microstructure of the surfaces of the posts. In general, the coarser the surfaces, the better the retention. Gold plating of the etched surface for one manufacturer resulted in less retention compared to posts of the same type and size that were not plated. Conclusion: The surface configuration of a post could be an important factor when selecting a prefabricated post system.