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Quintessence International



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Quintessence Int 37 (2006), No. 8     24. July 2006
Quintessence Int 37 (2006), No. 8  (24.07.2006)

Page 613-619, PubMed:16922020

Noncarious cervical lesions among a non-toothbrushing population with Hansen's disease (leprosy): Initial findings
Faye, Babacar / Kane, Abdoul Wahab / Sarr, Mouhamed / Lo, Cheikh / Ritter, Andre V. / Grippo, John O.
Objective: The purpose of this preliminary investigation was to examine the presence of noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) among a convenience sample of non-toothbrushing subjects with Hansen's disease (leprosy).
Method and Materials: A cross-sectional sample of 102 non-toothbrushing subjects (20 to 77 years of age) was examined. The clinical parameter of interest for this study was the presence or absence of NCCLs and their probable etiology as it relates to the subjects' diet, occlusion, and use of medication. Subjects were examined clinically and interviewed according to study protocol.
Results: NCCLs were found in 48 subjects (47% of the studied sample). Widespread consumption of acidic foods and beverages acting as corrodents, signs of parafunction, and use of medication that causes xerostomia were also noted. Thus, all may be contributing factors in the etiology of NCCLs in this population.
Conclusion: This preliminary report suggests that toothbrush/dentifrice abrasion was not a factor in the etiology of NCCLs in the population studied. The authors intend to expand their study among these non-toothbrushing subjects.

Keywords: abfraction, corrodent, corrosion, friction, mechanisms, noncarious cervical lesion, schema, stress