Quintessence Int 48 (2017), No. 6 17. May 2017
Quintessence Int 48 (2017), No. 6 (17.05.2017)
Page 497-502, doi:10.3290/j.qi.a38139, PubMed:28462406
Effectiveness of radio waves application in modern general dental procedures: An update
Qureshi, Arslan / Kellesarian, Sergio Varela / Pikos, Michael A. / Javed, Fawad / Romanos, Georgios E.
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to review indexed literature and provide an update on the effectiveness of high-frequency radio waves (HRW) application in modern general dentistry procedures.
Data Sources: Indexed databases were searched to identify articles that assessed the efficacy of radio waves in dental procedures.
Results: Radiosurgery is a refined form of electrosurgery that uses waves of electrons at a radiofrequency ranging between 2 and 4 MHz. Radio waves have also been reported to cause much less thermal damage to peripheral tissues compared with electrosurgery or carbon dioxide laser-assisted surgery. Formation of reparative dentin in direct pulp capping procedures is also significantly higher when HRW are used to achieve hemostasis in teeth with minimally exposed dental pulps compared with traditional techniques for achieving hemostasis. A few case reports have reported that radiosurgery is useful for procedures such as gingivectomy and gingivoplasty, stage-two surgery for implant exposure, operculectomy, oral biopsy, and frenectomy. Radiosurgery is a relatively modern therapeutic methodology for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia; however, its long-term efficacy is unclear. Radio waves can also be used for periodontal procedures, such as gingivectomies, coronal flap advancement, harvesting palatal grafts for periodontal soft tissue grafting, and crown lengthening.
Conclusion: Although there are a limited number of studies in indexed literature regarding the efficacy of radio waves in modern dentistry, the available evidence shows that use of radio waves is a modernization in clinical dentistry that might be a contemporary substitute for traditional clinical dental procedures.
Keywords: dentistry, electrosurgery, radiofrequency, radiosurgery, radio waves