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Quintessence Int 39 (2008), No. 2     (08.01.2008)

Quintessence Int 39 (2008), No. 2  (08.01.2008)

Page 117-129, PubMed:18560650


Biomechanical considerations for the restoration of endodontically treathed teeth: A systematic review of the literature, Part II (Evaluation of fatigue behavior, interfaces, and in vivo studies)
Dietschi, Ddier / Duc, Olivier / Krejci, Ivo / Sadan, Avishai
Objective: The restoration of endodontically treated teeth has long been guided by empirical rather than biomechanical concepts. Part I of this literature review presented up-to-date knowledge about changes in tissue structure and properties following endodontic therapy, as well as the behavior of restored teeth in monotonic mechanical tests or finite element analysis. The aim of the second part is to review current knowledge about the various interfaces of restored, nonvital teeth and their behavior in fatigue and clinical studies.
Review method: The basic search process included a systematic review of articles contained in the PubMed/Medline database, dating between 1990 and 2005, using single or combined key words to obtain the most comprehensive list of references; a perusal of the references of the references completed the review.
Relevant information and conclusions: Nonvital teeth restored with composite resin or composite resin combined with fiber posts resisted fatigue tests and currently represent the best treatment option. In comparison to rigid metal and/or ceramic posts, when composite resin or composite resin/fiber posts fail, the occurrence of interfacial defects or severe tooth breakdown is less likely. Adhesion into the root, however, remains a challenge because of the unfavorable ovoid canal configuration, as well as critical dentin microstructure in the deepest parts of the canal. Thus, specific combinations of adhesives and cements are recommended. The clinical performance of post-and-core restorations proved satisfactory overall, in particular with a contemporary restorative approach using composite resin and fiber posts. However, the clinical literature does not clearly isolate or identify exact parameters critical to success. This, in turn, emphasizes the importance and relevance of in vitro studies to further improve the quality and long-term stability of prosthetic foundations.

Keywords: clinical studies, fatigue, nonvital teeth, posts and cores, root adhesion
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